A study published in the British Medical Journal 1 stated
Apples give a similar decrease in the risk of heart disease as statins but do not carry any of the potential side effects.
The researchers from the British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group at Oxford University drew their conclusions on modelling data from a large group of medical trials involving hundreds of thousands of patients.
Dr Adam Briggs, the lead researcher of the study stated:
He also stated:
Despite the evidence that simple changes can have a big impact on our health, the conclusion of the paper is somewhat gloomy.
Apples contain a significant amount of the following nutrients: 2 vitamin C, vitamin K, vitamin B6, potassium, dietary fibre, and riboflavin with smaller amounts of vitamin A, vitamin E, niacin, magnesium, phosphorus, copper and manganese.
Dr. Rui Hai Liu is a professor at Cornell University in the state of New York. He and his research team studied vitamin C and its antioxidant effect in apples. Even though 100 g of apple contains approximately 6 mg of vitamin C, they found that it had an antioxidant effect equivalent to 1,500 mg of vitamin C.
Other antioxidants components include quercetin, catechin, phlorizin, and chlorogenic acid. The interaction between these components and the thousands of others are complex and the health benefits are far greater than the sum of the individual components.